Advancing abiotic stress monitoring in plants with a wearable non-destructive real-time salicylic acid laser-induced-graphene sensor

Sammy A. Perdomo, Drochss Pettry Valencia, Gabriel Esteban Velez, Andres Jaramillo-Botero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Drought and salinity stresses present significant challenges that exert a severe impact on crop productivity worldwide. Understanding the dynamics of salicylic acid (SA), a vital phytohormone involved in stress response, can provide valuable insights into the mechanisms of plant adaptation to cope with these challenging conditions. This paper describes and tests a sensor system that enables real-time and non-invasive monitoring of SA content in avocado plants exposed to drought and salinity. By using a reverse iontophoretic system in conjunction with a laser-induced graphene electrode, we demonstrated a sensor with high sensitivity (82.3 nA/[μmol L−1⋅cm−2]), low limit of detection (LOD, 8.2 μmol L−1), and fast sampling response (20 s). Significant differences were observed between the dynamics of SA accumulation in response to drought versus those of salt stress. SA response under drought stress conditions proved to be faster and more intense than under salt stress conditions. These different patterns shed light on the specific adaptive strategies that avocado plants employ to cope with different types of environmental stressors. A notable advantage of the proposed technology is the minimal interference with other plant metabolites, which allows for precise SA detection independent of any interfering factors. In addition, the system features a short extraction time that enables an efficient and rapid analysis of SA content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116261
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume255
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 Jul 2024

Keywords

  • In-vivo monitoring
  • Non-invasive detection
  • Plant stress
  • Precision agriculture
  • Salicylic acid biosensor

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